Basics of Plumbing

Posted by whiteuwn on February 28, 2014 at 9:25 AM

Plumbing is a very simple system but very essential in every home. It is simple enough that it follows the basic laws of nature in order to work. We’re talking about gravity, pressure, and water searching its own level. By knowing the basics of your plumbing system, you will be able to understand the entirety of it and eventually be able to do plumbing repairs on your own, which certainly translates into saving time, money, and trouble on your part and the rest of the folks living with you.

First of all, you should know that your plumbing system is composed of two separate subsystems. One of the two subsystems is tasked to bring freshwater in while the other one is used to take wastewater out. The water from the outside, in order to come to your home is under pressure. It will enter the home using sufficient pressure for it to be able to travel upstairs, in corners, or in higher ground. The moment water comes into your home, it will past through a water meter which will serve as the measuring device of your usage. The main water shutoff or stop valve meanwhile is usually found close to the meter. It is mainly intended for emergencies, when you need to close all water running and you can do it through the main shutoff valve. Without it and when a pipe bursts, it will flood the premises. In cases where the emergency is exclusive to the sink, tub, or toilet, you don’t need to turn off your entire water supply. Hence, there are fixtures, and probably most of them that should have their own stop valves.

Water that comes from the main supply is readily available for the home’s cold water consumption. The hot water supply on the other hand will require one other step. One pipe will be carrying water from the cold water system to the water heater. Now from the heater, there will be a hot water line that will carry the already heater water to its designated fixtures, as well as outlets and appliances that make use of the hot water. There’s also a thermostat on the heater intended to control and maintain temperature. You use it by turning the heating elements on and off.

Drainage System Basics

Even if your home is on a septic or sewer system, the plumbing systems within are basically the same. You must know that drainage systems don’t depend on pressure, unlike supply systems. The waste matter will leave your home since drainage pipes are all angled or directed on a downward position. Hence, it is gravity that is responsible for pulling the waste along. The sewer line will continue in this downward flow, down to the sewage treatment facility or in another system, the septic tank. It may look and sound simple but there are so many components of the drainage system that makes it quite complex on itself. There are parts that you also must learn further such as the vents, traps, and clean outs.


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